Nigeria was nearly called Goldesia, after George Goldie whose 'Royal Niger Company' effectively built the framework for the colonial-era state. (similar to Cecil Rhodes building of Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe). WEST AFRICA AND COLONIALISATION The author concludes: = = = The ultimate fate of Nigeria is unclear. As in many areas of the world that have been shaped - and brutally so - to serve the interests of foreign powers rather than the indigenous populations, the solution may lie in precisely what has been destroyed: the traditional relationships that were defined by the area's unique religious and cultural beliefs. One hopes the people of Nigeria will be able to merge the best of the Western civilization with a renaissance of African traditions. * * * Note that the institution of chiefs has been thoroughly debased. Chieftaincy has been the basis of indirect rule since colonial times. Now chieftaincy must be seen as oppressive, corrupting and damaging to the interests of the people. Many chiefs are the social equivalent of the religious 'preachers' and the political 'ogas': parasites who feed off our traditional goodwill to elders and respect (even, worship) of ancestors. Note the phrase " Ensuring British economic interests meant establishing political control " and remember that nearly all the policies of most African govts and non-govt organisations emphasise foreign investments or foreign aid (economic interests). It may not be possible or desirable to have a renaissance of African traditions. There is much for us to learn from the past and the present. Let us build a future that improves our lives and prevents the cruel lessons of our history. That future will emphasise a culture based on widespread literacy, economic sufficiency, and military strength. We can start by working to remove traitor govts and to dissolve the colonial-era states that shackle us in eternal bondage.